There are certain hormones that have a significant impact on gaining weight and increasing body size. What are they and how can they be treated, and who are most affected by them? This and more you will find an answer to through this article.
Hormones that lead to obesity
Obesity is a major health concern worldwide and is associated with many health problems. One of the main causes of obesity is hormonal imbalances that can lead to increased fat storage in the body. Hormones play a major role in regulating metabolism, appetite, and food cravings. When hormones are Imbalanced. This can lead to increased appetite and cravings for unhealthy foods, which can contribute to weight gain.
Hormones associated with obesity include insulin, cortisol, ghrelin, leptin, and estrogen. Insulin is secreted by the pancreas in response to carbohydrate intake, and when it is secreted in excess, it can lead to increased fat storage.
Cortisol is released by the adrenal glands during times of stress and can lead to increased appetite and cravings for unhealthy foods. Ghrelin is produced by the stomach and increases appetite, while leptin is produced by fat cells and helps regulate energy balance. Estrogen levels also tend to increase. With weight gain and may contribute to the storage of more fat.
How to treat obesity caused by hormones?
Hormone-induced obesity can be treated through a combination of lifestyle changes, medical interventions, and medications. Lifestyle modifications should be the first line of treatment. They should include healthy eating habits, regular physical activity, and eating a well-balanced diet consisting of fresh fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins. Whole grains and fats are essential for weight control. In addition, engaging in regular physical activity such as walking or cycling can help reduce body fat levels.
Medical interventions such as bariatric surgery may be necessary for some individuals who are unable to achieve significant weight loss through lifestyle modifications alone. Bariatric surgery is a surgical procedure that can help individuals lose weight by reducing stomach size and limiting food intake.
Medications such as appetite suppressants, fat blockers, and metabolism-enhancing drugs may also be prescribed by a physician to help achieve weight loss goals and these medications should always be used under the supervision of a qualified healthcare provider.
In addition to lifestyle modifications, medical interventions, and medications, psychological counseling may also be beneficial for those who struggle with hormone-induced obesity and these sessions may help individuals develop healthy ways of dealing with food-related emotions such as stress or boredom.
Foods that cause obesity
Processed foods are generally high in saturated fat, sugar and salt, all of which can contribute to weight gain if eaten in large quantities. Examples of processed foods include potato chips, pastries, pizza and burgers. Similarly, sugary foods such as cakes, cookies and candy contain large amounts of simple sugars. Which can add extra calories to the diet without providing any nutritional value.
Fried snacks are also a major contributor to obesity due to their high fat content and include french fries and other fried snacks like chicken nuggets. Fast food can also be a factor in weight gain due to its high calorie count and lack of nutritional value.
High-calorie drinks such as soda, energy drinks, and sweetened coffee drinks can cause weight gain if consumed regularly. These drinks contain large amounts of sugar, which can quickly add up to calories consumed over time.
Effects of obesity and overweight
It can have far-reaching effects on the physical, psychological, and social well-being of an individual. Physically, obesity or being overweight can lead to a number of health problems, including heart disease, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, stroke, and gallbladder disease. osteoporosis, sleep apnea, respiratory problems, and even some types of cancer and mentally, it can lead to depression, anxiety, low self-esteem and even suicide and socially, it can lead to social isolation due to stigma and discrimination.
In addition to these health risks, obesity and being overweight also increase the risk of other chronic diseases such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), infertility, certain types of cancer, and even Alzheimer’s disease. Weight has a negative impact on an individual’s quality of life because it affects his ability to perform daily tasks such as walking or climbing stairs.
Types of obesity surgery
Gastric bypass is one of the most popular types of bariatric surgery as it involves creating a small stomach pouch, which reduces the amount of food a person can eat at one time and this procedure also alters the digestion process by bypassing a part of the small intestine.
Another type of bariatric surgery is sleeve gastrectomy during this procedure, part of the stomach is removed and the remaining part is reshaped into a tube-like shape. This reduces the size of the stomach and limits food intake, leading to weight loss.
Gastric banding is another option for treating obesity where a band is placed around the stomach to create a small pouch in which food can be stored before it reaches the rest of the stomach this helps people feel full faster and reduces food intake.
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