Obesity operations

There are many obesity processes, including sleeve gastrectomy
Gastric bypass
Gastric BOTOX
gastric balloon

Obesity operations



Obesity operations

Before the operation.

Quit smoking completely at least two months before the operation

Stop anticoagulant medications before the operation

Stay away from fatty foods one week before the operation

Doctors with obese patients try to reduce their weight at least two weeks before the night of the operation.

Doctors always advise you to fast at least 6 hours before the operation to avoid any complications on the stomach of the obese patient and the need to completely stop food and drink two hours before the operation.

Doctors always advise you to eat foods from fluids 24 hours before the operation, others 48 hours to facilitate the emptying process and no constipation occurs.

Admission to the hospital or health Center where the operation is performed 24 hours ahead of schedule for the necessary tests such as cardiac drawing and liver function.

Stay away from any fatty substance or high calories at least 24 hours before the operation.


Conditions for obesity operation

BMI rises to more than 40 kg per square meter, with or without obesity complications.

BMI rises between 35-40 kg per square meter, with the presence of a serious obesity complication, such as diabetes, sleep disorders, snoring, high blood pressure, coronary artery diseases and others.

BMI rises between 30-35 kg per square meter, with difficulty controlling sugar levels or metabolic syndrome.

Obesity operations

Sleeve gastrectomy

In the surgery a large part of the stomach is removed in a sleeve-like manner, and in this technique the patient feels full quickly which helps him lose weight significantly and in a short period of time. These operations achieve very good results, as laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy gives the patient faster recovery time, better results, and less danger.  There are two types of sleeve gastrectomy, the first is surgically the other is endoscopically. During laparoscopic sleeves, about seventy-five percent of the stomach is removed, leaving a narrow metal “tube” or “sleeve”; the intestines are not removed during the process of sleeve gastrectomy. It takes one to two hours to complete the endoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.

Gastric BOTOX

Botox injections to the stomach are not much different from the idea of removing wrinkles in the way Botox works, our stomach by its very nature performs the digestive process like all other parts of the digestive system by constricting the muscles of its walls and its sphincter movement that digests food and pushes it from the stomach to the intestines, just as the stomach becomes empty of food, we start to feel hungry again. Gastric BOTOX injections cause temporary paralysis of the walls, all it does is reduce the strength of stomach contractions and push food into the intestines. Gastric Botox injections are generally performed using a medical endoscope, which is inserted from the mouth to the stomach, so it is not a surgical procedure and no medical incisions or wounds are made in order to reach the stomach. The endoscope allows the doctor to see his way from the mouth to the area where it should be injected in the stomach. The needle that injects is at the end of the endoscope, and once the doctor reaches his destination performs the injection process.

Gastric balloon operation

 The gastric balloon process suits people who have an increase of approximately 15 kilos. and During the process the balloon is inserted into the stomach through the mouth. it varies in terms of the filler material which may be saline or hydrogen gas, as well as in terms of the duration of stay inside the stomach and the resulting weight loss rate, among the most prominent types of stomach balloon used in the following process:

  • Reshape Balloon,
  • Orbera Balloon
  • OBALON Capsules

Gastric balloon capsule 

Also called a smart capsule is a compressed balloon in the size of a vitamin capsule that is connected to a fine catheter, and filled with air when it reaches the stomach to give a larger size in the stomach, about one third of the stomach, which helps in feeling full faster and thus reduce a person’s food consumption. The gastric capsule does not need an endoscope to insert it or an anesthetic such as a stomach balloon, but is a simple non-surgical procedure, and does not need to be removed either as it fades on its own after 4 months.

Gastric bypass

It is a successful option for those with a BMI of more than 45, resulting in more weight loss than gastric banding, the results of which also outweigh the process of gastric sleeve and this type of process is characterized by the fact that the lost weight resulting from gastric bypass remains constant in the long run.

Types of gastric bypass

  • The traditional gastric bypass is divided into a proximal or distal gastric bypass.
  •  Micro-Pouch Gastric Bypass
  • single anastomosis sleeve ileal (SASI)
  • Micro-Pouch Gastric Bypass

This technology has become one of the most popular technologies, and the most important feature of it is that it is reversible to the original state, in addition to its encouraging results.

So that the process of Micro-Pouch Gastric Bypass process boils down to isolating the upper part of the stomach and turning it into a tube, and then linking it to an episode of Intestines.

 It was named this way because the food pathway is divided into the stomach into two paths: The first path is the usual path of food. The second path of food is from the stomach to the end of the small intestine directly, bypassing a large spaces,

Obesity procedures