How to get rid of gum infections

How to get rid of gum infections

May 23, 2024

Gum infections are common health problems that can significantly affect your oral health and these infections occur as a result of the accumulation of plaque and bacteria on the teeth and gums, leading to irritation and inflammation of the surrounding tissues, as gum infections can cause uncomfortable symptoms such as bleeding, swelling, and redness of the gums, and if not treated properly, may lead to more serious problems such as tooth loss and in this article, we will discuss in detail the causes of gum infections, the accompanying symptoms, and methods of prevention and treatment to maintain healthy gums and teeth.

What are the causes of gum infections? 

Gum infections result from a variety of factors that lead to the accumulation of bacteria and inflammation in the tissues surrounding the teeth and the most prominent of these factors are:

Plaque and tartar buildup: Plaque is a sticky film made up of bacteria that forms on the teeth. If it is not cleaned regularly, it hardens and turns into tartar, causing gum infections.

Poor oral care: Neglecting to brush and floss teeth leads to the accumulation of plaque and tartar, which increases the possibility of gum infections.

Smoking: Smoking is considered one of the main factors that increases the risk of gum infections, because it weakens the ability of the gums to heal and reduces the effectiveness of the immune system.

Hormonal changes: Changes in hormone levels during periods such as pregnancy, menstruation, or menopause make gums more sensitive and susceptible to inflammation.

Chronic diseases: Some diseases, such as diabetes and heart disease, increase the risk of gum infections.

Medications: Some medications affect gum health by reducing saliva production, which contributes to the buildup of bacteria.

Unhealthy diet: Eating foods rich in sugars and carbohydrates promotes the growth of bacteria in the mouth.

Stress: Stress affects the immune system, which increases the possibility of gum infections.

Genetic factors: People with a family history of gum disease may be more susceptible to developing gum infections.

Understanding these factors and taking preventive measures can greatly help maintain healthy gums and prevent gum infections.

Symptoms of gingivitis

The severity of gingivitis symptoms varies from one case to another and in mild cases of gingivitis, patients may not even know that they have it because they do not have any symptoms and while some patients may suffer from a variety of symptoms, ranging from slight redness in the gums to pain and tooth loss and below are the symptoms of gingivitis: gum redness, swollen gums, bleeding gums while brushing or flossing, and bad breath, as the disease progresses, the patient may suffer from the following symptoms: Pain in the gums or teeth, especially when chewing food, abscess, which can appear in the area between the gums and teeth, receding gums, loose and falling teeth, changes in the bite of the teeth such that the teeth become mismatched, and infection in the area of ​​the teeth, which can spread to the rest of the body parts.

The most prominent methods of treating gingivitis 

Gingivitis can be treated medically by visiting the dentist to deeply clean the teeth and remove bacteria and dental deposits and in more advanced cases, the patient may need surgical operations to repair the damaged gums and at home, gum health can be improved by practicing healthy habits such as brushing teeth regularly using a toothbrush and floss, using antiseptic rinses, avoiding smoking and eating healthy.

In addition, gingivitis oral rinses that contain antibacterial substances can be used to reduce irritation and swelling. It is also recommended to avoid acidic and sugary foods and drinks, which may further irritate the gums and finally, you must adhere to scheduled appointments with your dentist to examine and evaluate gum health and ensure appropriate and effective treatment.

The latest methods of preventing gum infections 

To prevent gum infections, it is recommended to follow good oral hygiene habits, including:

Brush your teeth regularly: Use a soft toothbrush and antibacterial toothpaste to brush your teeth carefully after each meal.

Use medical floss to clean the gaps between the teeth: This helps remove food residues and particles that cannot be reached by brushing.

Pay attention to healthy nutrition: eat foods rich in vitamins and minerals, and reduce the intake of sugars and acidic foods.

Quit smoking: Smoking increases the risk of gum infections and deteriorating oral health in general.

Regular visits to the dentist: It is recommended to have an annual examination to detect any problems early and receive the necessary care.

Complications of neglecting gum infections 

Tooth loss: Advanced gingivitis can lead to loose teeth and tooth loss.

Infection overlapping in the body: Infection in the gums can spread to other areas of the body, increasing the risk of general health problems such as cardiovascular disease.

Bone erosion: Advanced periodontitis may cause bone loss around the teeth, leading to deterioration of the bone structure of the jaws.

Impact on overall health: Gingivitis may increase the risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease.

Psychosocial impact: Gingivitis can affect quality of life and self-confidence due to dental problems and bad breath

In short, everyone should take care of their gum health to avoid serious complications and prevention includes good dental hygiene and regular visits to the dentist and in case of infection, an effective treatment for gingivitis should be sought to avoid health complications and chronic dental problems.


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