6 of the most important diseases affecting the teeth and gums
There are many diseases that affect the gums and teeth that many groups of people suffer from. What are they, how can they be treated, and what are their causes? This is what you can learn about in this article.
Table of Contents
Learn about gum and dental diseases
As for through the following paragraphs, you will learn about the most important diseases that may affect the gums and teeth.
1 – Receding gums
Gingival recession is a condition in which the gum tissue surrounding the teeth erodes or retracts. It is a common dental problem that can lead to serious problems if not treated promptly.
Gum recession can be caused by a variety of factors, including aggressive brushing, and heredity, as aggressive brushing can cause the gums to recede due to physical force and abrasion of the bristles. Heredity can also contribute to gum recession, as some individuals tend to have thinner and weaker gums, which is an infection of the gums due to the buildup of plaque, which is another common cause of receding gums.
The most common symptom of receding gums is an increased sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures in the affected area and as they recede further, pockets may form between the teeth and gums that fill with bacteria, leading to inflammation and if left untreated, this can eventually lead to tooth loss.
2- Bleeding gums
Bleeding gums is a common symptom of gingivitis, which is caused by plaque buildup that, if left untreated, can cause serious damage to the teeth and gums.
It is important for individuals to take good care of their oral hygiene by brushing and flossing regularly to avoid infection. In addition, regular dental check-ups are essential to detect any signs of gum disease before it develops.
If there is bleeding in the gums, it is important to visit the dentist as soon as possible. Upon diagnosis, the dentist may recommend a special cleaning procedure called scaling and root planing to remove plaque and bacteria from below the gum line. This procedure should be followed by a specially designed oral hygiene regimen in order to maintain healthy gums.
In some cases, more aggressive treatments may be recommended to protect the teeth and gums from further damage and surgery may be required if the condition is very advanced or if it does not respond to other forms of treatment.
3- Gingival abscess
A gum abscess is an infection of the soft tissues and bone surrounding a tooth and often occurs when bacteria enter the gums, which may be caused by poor dental hygiene or advanced gum disease. Symptoms of a gum abscess include pain, swelling, redness, bad breath, and in some cases, a person may have a fever. Swelling of the face and/or a pungent taste in the mouth.
Treating a gum abscess requires draining the infection and removing any debris that has collected in the area. This is usually done through a procedure called root planing and scaling. The dentist may also prescribe antibiotics to reduce the risk of further infection and to prevent further complications. It is important to practice good oral hygiene by brushing your teeth regularly and visit your dentist for routine check-ups.
4- Tooth decay
It is a common preventable disease that affects the teeth and occurs when bacteria in the mouth produce acids that attack the tooth enamel and cause holes or cavities. If left untreated, tooth decay can lead to pain and infection, and can threaten an individual’s overall health.
The best way to prevent cavities is to practice good oral hygiene habits. This includes brushing twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, and visiting the dentist regularly for cleanings and check-ups. Eating healthy snacks such as fruits and vegetables instead of sugary foods is also important to prevent tooth decay. tooth decay.
If tooth decay does occur, the dentist may be able to repair it with a filling or crown and in more severe cases, a root canal may be necessary. The earlier tooth decay is treated, the better the chances of restoring the affected tooth.
5 – Tooth sensitivity
The most common cause of tooth sensitivity is brushing too vigorously and using a stiff brush, which can erode enamel more quickly. Other causes include receding gums, cracked teeth, cavities, acidic foods and drinks, and teeth whitening products.
If you have tooth sensitivity, it is important to speak to your dentist as soon as possible, as they can diagnose the underlying cause and offer treatment to reduce pain and discomfort. Depending on the cause of the sensitivity, your dentist may recommend a desensitizing toothpaste or fluoride gel to help remineralize the enamel. In some cases, they may use a sealant to protect exposed dentin or to fill cavities that are causing sensitivity.
6- Tooth pigmentation
Tooth discoloration is a condition in which the color of the tooth enamel changes, resulting in a darker color. It can occur naturally or due to certain medications, medical treatments, and lifestyle habits. Tooth discoloration is most common in adults, but it can also affect children.
The most common form of tooth staining is known as external staining, which occurs when substances such as coffee, tea, wine, and tobacco stain the surface of a tooth. This type of staining can usually be treated with professional teeth whitening procedures.
Less common but difficult to treat, internal staining occurs when the color of the enamel itself changes due to certain medications or medical treatments.
In some cases, tooth discoloration may also be caused by injury or trauma and in these cases, the color is likely to fade over time if it is not severe and if the color does not fade on its own, professional treatment may be necessary.
For more medical information about the most important dental diseases, methods of treatment, and their most prominent causes, you can learn about them by continuously following our website.
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